Węglowa cultural center.

arch. Jan Kabac, pw.arkon@wp.pl ; Bartek Dudziński, Faculty of Architecture BTU

Characteristic, strongly outlined side tracks and the adjoined positioning of existing storage establishments were adopted as the main motives which shape the composition of the whole foundation. A promenade running through the entire terrain symbolically recalls this principle. Individual branches of the whole complex program stem from this promenade. The beginning element of the promenade is the regional train station which is located near the overpass running over Wasilkowska street. This is right next to the planned commercial complex. The train station being located in this place will allow more beneficial service to the entire region, for example to the former Fabryczny Station region and housing estates. It will also allow us to take advantage of the existing cross walks under the overpass. The closing establishment of the promenade is a spatial construction covering the summer Musical and Theatre Centre.

Węglowa cultural center area

The functional structure of the urban foundation The culture complex was composed routinely and is located on extensive terrain. It was fashioned on the canvas of the main pedestrian walk from which we can access all the elements and buildings in the area such as the main forum, terrain expositions, parking lots and park vegetation. The introductory building of the entire foundation is the train station located directly next to the future commercial complex, bus stops and crosswalks running under the rail overpass on Wasilkowska street. This overpass is the main artery running from the centre of Bialystok. The first building on the promenade is the Polish Army Museum located in the fifth expanded warehouse and the surrounding, easily accessible territory. Next, we run into the main square which is the main forum of the entire complex. Directly adjacent to the square is the new Public Library. The following building is the Musical and Theatre Presentation Centre with the Gallery of Modern Art. This complex was created by expanding warehouses number 9, 10, and 11. This is integrated into one functional complex which dominates the entire urban foundation. At the end of the promenade there is an amphitheatre, the National Archives in expanded building number 12 and 28, as well as the Moto-Retro Gallery situated in expanded garages number 34. The linear composition with dominating features at either end of the main promenade makes for a clear urban outline and straightforward outline of the whole complex.

Rail transportation

The fundamental road system has been preserved in the local plan. The main exit from Wasilkowska street passes through the overpass into Weglowa street from which there is a circling inner road enabling efficient means of travel to all the establishments and parking lots. A small fragment of road runs under the embankment which is where the Army Museum lies. This way, we can maintain pedestrian continuity. The end fragment of Weglowa street runs through the notch, closing the Moto-Retro Gallery perspective. In the lower part of the terrain near the train tracks there is the main parking lot complex. The remaining parking lots are located next to Weglowa street as well as inside the complex. A possibility of crossing over via vehicular traffic or pedestrian crosswalk under the overpass was pointed out. This is in the direction of the Bialostoczek housing estate and new housing estates on industrial terrain.

Pedestrian and bicycle traffic
The main problem of pedestrian traffic which needs to be taken care of is to connect this terrain with the city centre and neighboring housing estates. The adapted solution assumes that the main concentration comes from traffic from Sienkiewicza street because it is nearest to the city centre and it possesses the largest amount of public transport. We proposed using the existing crosswalks under the rail overpass with tunnels eventually being led under exits from Poleska street. An advantage to this solution is the localization of a large commercial complex on the corner of Wasilkowska and Traugutta street and the train station. The pedestrian walk was determined by designing the promenade, along which we propose to build a bicycle trail.

The architectural form; construction and material solutions
The main principle for shaping the architectural form was maintaining the brick architecture of existing buildings in addition to creating new architecture with obvious industrial characteristics using modern materials. The expansion of all the characteristic warehouse buildings will be done in a way which distinctly separates the old from the new. This will greatly simplify plan execution and it will also decrease the cost of adapting existing buildings.


Design of new library - Węglowa cultural center


Design of new library - model


Design of new theatre - Węglowa cultural center