Janusz Kaczy雟ki, architect Pracownia Projektowa "Kaczy雟ki i Sp馧ka s.c." pracownia@kaczynskiispolka.pl

A few words about the Tytoni闚ka project

Tytoni闚ka is one of my favorite projects, and I guess the most difficult one so far. Why Tytoni闚ka

The old buildings of Tytoni闚ka intrigued me many years ago. To tell the truth I liked them together with the Bojary district. Two different stories can be told about these two estates a dry one, taken from a historical search query, and one that was engraved in my memory by various events associated with these buildings. My mothers memories were related to Tytnoni闚ka. She used to tell me that as girl she had done forced labor there during the German occupation. At that time I did not associate any image with the story. Some time later, during my juvenile explorations, I came across an amazing brick building with a fascinating blank wall that was almost 100 meters long and several storey high. When I was studying I confronted these pieces of information and consolidated them into the same building the small factories of Bia造stoks tobbaco from the XIXth century. It was the period when I perceived for the first time the beauty of the Bojary district and old Bia造stok.

But what is so beautiful about this old brick house? We are not dealing here with first-league buildings like the Merkury factory at the wi皻oja雟ka street, with their beautiful brick facades. Tytoni闚ka is a set of simple buildings with utilitarian form and layout. Those similar to the ones on the wi皻oja雟ka street mentioned above had been demolished. But when you look at them more closely, even here you can see details, proportion, rhythms and the living texture of the sunlit wall. Today all of this is stained, dirty and spoiled by a century of ruthless use. 100 years, and they still have the look. Before I move to design, I first have to say a bit about myself.

1. I have always treated the so called conservation of historic buildings with a bit of professional cynicism and calculation. It was, as you can say, conservatory Machiavellism or Machiavellian conservation. I have always put the building on the pedestal. I have used its historic character in various ways during the designers struggle with adversities on the path to the realization of the concept. I am passionate about designing in a sharply outlined context.

2. What I look for in modern architecture is silence and harmony, what I value is simplicity. I am inspired by the ideas of Bauhaus, clear modernisms, Scandinavian postneomodernisms. I tried to express that in several recently built houses. 3 Tytoni闚ka project - lofts in the old factories and new apartment buildings.

Design idea.

Several years had passed before I managed to fix up the appropriate business together and excite them with my idea. I could achieve two goals in the design of Tytoni闚ka: preserve pieces of old Bia造stok and design simple apartment buildings. I willfully took advantage of the western fashion for lofts and apartments in old factories. We provoked the desire for the merchandise in both the investor and buyers. This surge in interest rose the prices enough to design a fairly decent residential complex, adequately saturated with technology. The initial context for the designed houses is the scant architecture of the small factories. This forced us to take an ascetic approach to shaping new buildings. The factories were to be the climax of the urban interior. Their facades will be washed and repaired with old bricks, the joints in brickwork will be replenished. They will retain their raw character which will be even intensified by new, steel window fittings and stylish glass or cast-iron details. New buildings are simple, almost minimalist blocks with brick facades supplemented by concrete or glass insertions. Simple, yet sophisticated details made from architectural concrete, galvanized steel and reinforced glass will warm up human zones (gateways, balconies, gardens, balustrades, etc.).

A general description of the spatial and functional concept of the complex is given in the following excerpt of the technical description of the design:

Due to the downtown nature of the location and the high cost of the land, the method of development is planned to be highly intensive. The urban composition uses and adapts the existing passageways for both pedestrians and traffic. At the outskirts along the Warszawska and Modli雟ka streets, as well as along the passageway leading into the quarter from the Warszawska street, complexes of business premises are planned. The residential quarter holds 155 apartments. It was designed as an elongated interior on the axis North-East South-West. It is crossed by a generally accessible pedestrian passageway that connects the Bojary district with the Warszawska street. Inside this green interior with a yard among factories recreational facilities will be located and shared by the whole complex. From this interior gates will lead to strictly private, cozy spaces of homestead yards, accessible only by the residents and their guests. The doors of ground floor premises of the administration or other complementary recreational facilities such as a fitness club, gym etc., will also lead to this interior. The basement stretching under almost the entire complex is to be occupied by parking lots for the residents and customers of business facing the Warszawska street, utility rooms, technical rooms and auxiliary rooms. Staircases and elevators will provide access from the parking lots to apartments and business premises. Cars will access the complex through two controlled driveways leading to the basement from the passing that joins the Modli雟ka and Warszawska streets.